Bosforsky Bridge is a symbol of Istanbul and sight of all Turkey. It is one of the longest bridges of the world, its length makes 1560 meters.
In 1950 the project, for that time of “First Bosforsky Bridge” which had to connect Europe and Asia was created. But the beginning of construction began only in 1970, and in three years its ceremonial opening devoted to the fiftieth anniversary of the Republic of Turkey took place. British and Germans were engaged in construction and design of the bridge, the sum paid by Turkey for its construction made twenty three million dollars that impresses as well as the project.
The suspension bridge not only connects two parties, but so, thanks to the height in 64 meters, gives the chance freely to pass the ships floating under it. The beauty and greatness of the bridge has something in common with constructions on coast of Bosphorus which represent both the past of the Islamic country, and modern motives of religions of the East and West. The bridge is called in honor of the passage over which it is located.
This passage is unique, not only that connects Europe and Asia, Black and Marble exhausting, but also that the top and lower current at the same time flows to two opposite sides. If addresses to mythology, the legend of the passage is rather interesting and mysterious. She tells about the daughter of the argivsky tsar by the name of Io who had imprudence to become Zeus’s beloved. But that Zeus’s wife, Hera could not destroy Io, it turned the beloved into a white cow who in turn considered as the best rescue to disappear in water elements of the passage. Since then the passage also carries the name “cow ford”, or Bosphorus.
Scientists and historians assume that formation of the passage happened thanks to Ice Age in its end when the huge amount of ice thawed, and powerful water flow opened the way from one sea to another.
In our time the bridge not only serves as a place for movement of transport, but also on it the tennis match was played, and every year the Istanbul marathon begins with it, in it the period the bridge is open for pedestrians that in usual time it is forbidden. The importance of the bridge for the country became obvious, during the period since 1978 to 1986 when it was represented on a banknote in 1000 liras and represented a symbol of modern Turkey.
Over time through Bosphorus one more bridge was built, but greatness of the first bridge remained invariable.